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Four Principles

The philosophy of strength was not simply the ideal of imperialism based on the weak becomes the victim of the strong. The strength that Dosan was talking about always had the individual as its core. This individual possessed much love of himself and for others and earnestly pursued human dignity and integrity. This philosophy enclosed humanism, the love for humanity, and attributed the theory of success and failure to individuals' character. Dosan, however, was not a moralist who was cultivating and pursuing the perfect personality and character. Because of his broad activities and influences, he was viewed as many different types of thinker and leader. For example, sometimes he was viewed as a politician, an activist of the independence movement, an educator, a revolutionist, a hero, and even as a cautious, timid ordinary person. No matter what type of person he portrayed and no matter what kind of situation he was in, the principle of sacrifice and selflessness was always with him. Dosan’s four principal ideals of, Mooshil (truth), Ryukhang (action), Choongeui (loyalty), and Yonggam (bravery) could be described with one concept, sincerity. In order to better understand Dosan's achievements and thoughts, thorough understanding of his four ideals is necessary.


more to come....


"An organization without respect for the truth is like a body without blood, or a brick fence without mortar. An organization without sympathy and love for its principles, its members and its leaders will eventually fail no matter how rich or strong it is today."

"Geese have four virtues. First, they stand for 'reliability', because they fly south when it is cold and fly north when it is warm in amazing regularity. They stand for courtesy because they communicate  with each other, from the front to the rear and from the rear to the front. Third, they stand for fidelity because they do not seek a new mate when the old one dies. Fourth, they stand for wisdom because they take turns and stand watch while they sleep at night, and during the day, to avoid hunters."

"He loved learning and

Accumulated wisdom

All for recovering our nation

He loved teaching

Virtue and words

All for serving the people

Honest, genuine,

He treated people with love

Like a warm breeze.

He devoted himself to his work

For the good of the public, not the individual.

He depicts the dignity of the autumn frost."

Inscription on one of Dosan's grave markers written by his friend Yi Kwang Su.

"Dosan Ahn Chang Ho was a man of high morals and very talented in organizing. An idealist in his thoughts and actions, yet he did not overlook the realities of daily living. He always was very devoted to his friends, but he did not tolerate those who defied principles that he regarded as sacred. he was kind hearted, but he did not compromise his principles. Dosan Ahn Chang Ho did not go to college, but he learned a great deal through his school experience. his wisdom, bravery and self discipline surpass those of anyone with a college diploma..."

Dr. Philip Jaison aka Soh Jae Pil

Dosan was a Builder of Institutions

Mutual Assistance Association

Kongnip Hyophoe

San Francisco 1905

New People's Association Shinminhoe 1907

Korean National Asocaition

Daehan Kungminhoe

San Francisco 1909

Young Korean Academy

Hung Sa Dan

San Francisco 1913


Korean National Association 1909 and Hung Sa Dan 1917

Merida, Mexico

Korean Provisional Government

Imsi Chongbu

Shanghai, China 1919

Dong Myung Academy  Nanjing,China 1924

United Korean Committee

Los Angeles 1941