11/16/2010 edited by Flip Cuddy and Christine Cuddy
Chronology for Dosan Ahn Chang Ho
November 9, 1878
Born on Dorong Island, 7-li Chori ward, GangSeo county of PyongNam Province (now North Korea) as the third son of father Ahn Heung Kuk (Kyo Jin) of the Sunhung Ahn clan and mother Hwang Mongun (of the Osong Hwang clan) of JeAhn. (His oldest brother was Ahn Chi Ho, his second older brother died young (Ahn Chi Yong), and his sister was Ahn Shin Ho (born in 1884). Year 1885
Seven years old, he begins his schooling in traditional Chinese studies at Guk Su Dang on the shores of Dae Dong River in Pyongyang. Works as a shepherd.
Ahn Heung Kuk, Dosan’s father, died when Dosan was eleven years old.
Thirteen years old, he learns Chinese from Master Kim Hyun Jin at a village school where he meets Pil Dae Eun (from Anak, Hwanghea Province), who introduces him to new ways of looking at the world.
Sixteen years old, he goes to Seoul and enters the Miller Academy (on Sobudae Jong-dong in Seoul) and studies English, Western Civilization, and Christianity. He converts to the Presbyterian Church, and he convinces Pil Dae Eun to become a Christian as well. (Miller Academy was originally called the Underwood Academy. When Dosan attended the school, Rev. F.S. Miller was the principal, thus the name change to Miller Academy. After Dosan graduated, the school was called Gu Se (Salvation) Academy, and later changed to Kyung Shin (New Respect) School.
Eighteen years old, he continues to study at the Miller Academy and works as a teaching assistant. (This year the Independence Newspaper (Tong Nip Shin Mun) was first published by Philip Jaisohn (aka Soh Jae Pil); and, the Independence Association (Tong Nip Hyup Hoe) was formed.)
Nineteen years old, he joins Philip Jaisohn’s Independence Association and establishes its West Pyongyang branch of Mahn Min Gong Dong Hoe (Ten Thousand People Community Association)
Twenty years old, he made the Quae Jae Jung speech for the Pan National Coalition. His speech consisted of “18 satisfactory pieces of news and 18 unsatisfactory pieces of news.” This speech distinguishes him as a superb orator. Later that year, he makes a speech in JongNo, Seoul, criticizing seven officials in the King’s court who signed the Korea-Japan New Agreement, and, suggests six items for political reform. He is engaged to marry Lee Hye Ryon (later Helen Ahn) daughter of his former teacher Lee Sukbo. His fiancée and sister go to Seoul to attend Jongshin Girl’s School.
(December 1898, the Independence Association was shut down by King Gojong.)
Twenty-one years old, he establishes Jeom Jin (Deliberate Progress) School in Amhwa Village Dongjin ward, Gang Seo County Pyongnam Province. Jeom Jin was the first modern school in the county, and the first coeducational school in Korea. Ahn Chang Ho initiates a land development company and establishes Dan Po Ri Church (Later Ki Yang Church.)
Twenty- three years old, he writes the lyrics and music to “Hanbando” recorded on sheet music.
Twenty-four years old, he marries Lee Hye Ryon at Je Jung Won (House of Universal Helpfulness)Hospital in Seoul, arranged by Kim Yoo No (Maria Kim’s uncle) and conducted by Reverend F. S. Miller. (September 3.) He and his wife embark for America to study education. (September 4.) They spend one week in Tokyo. Near the Hawaiian Islands, he coins his penname Dosan. They arrive in San Francisco, California. (October 14) He enrolls in a public elementary school and works as a houseboy in San Francisco.
Twenty-five years old, he organizes Han In Chin Mok Hoe (Korean Friendship Society) in San Francisco and becomes its chairman.
Twenty-six years old, he and his wife move to Riverside, California. He studies English and Christianity at a Bible Study Center and works as a “school boy” (domestic worker). Dosan moves back to San Francisco.
Feb 1904 the Russo-Japanese War begins.
September 5 the Treaty of Portsmouth is signed after Japan defeats Russia in war in Korea.
March 28 His first son, Philip Ahn, is born in Highland Park, near Los Angeles.
April 5 The Korean Friendship Society is reorganized into the Kong Nip Hyup Hoe (Mutual Independence Association) the first politically oriented Korean organization outside of Korea, and Dosan becomes its first chairman.
November 14 He establishes an office for the Kong Nip Hyup Hoe on Pacific Street in San Francisco.
November 17 Eul Sa Jo Yak - Protectorate Agreement of 1905 was signed, whereby Japan took over the control of Korea’s Foreign Affairs Department.
November 20 He publishes the first issue of Kong Nip Shin Bo (Independence Newspaper).
April 18, the Kong Nip Hyup Hoe office on Pacific Street burns down due to the San Francisco earthquake, andDosan temporarily moves his office across the bay to Oakland.
(Imperial Japan sets up the Governor General’s Office to rule Korea and Ito Hirobumi is appointed as its first governor.)
January 8 Twenty-nine years old, he leaves for Korea from San Francisco to find out the extent of Japan’s control of Korea.
February His boat stops in Japan. He makes a speech about patriotism to Tae Geuk Hak Hoe, a Korean student group in Tokyo.
February 20 He arrives in Korea.
April He establishes a secret society, ShinMinHoe (the New People’s Association), consisting of Lee Dong-Nyung, Lee Shi-Young, Ahn Tae-Guk, Lee Seung-Hoon, Kim Ku, Shin Chae-Ho and other prominent patriots. Dosan serves as the judge for the new incoming members.
May 12 He makes a speech about world powers, explaining their policies and plans, and asserts
that Korea should prepare for war.
May 20 He discusses Korea’s future with members of Tae Geuk Hak Hoe in Tokyo.
June He makes a speech about improving houses and construction of model farms.
July 8 He makes a speech about the importance of education for girls at an event at Myung
Ryun Dang sponsored by Pyongyang Research Society for Women’s Education.
August 1 Imperial Japan dissolves the Korean army. Korean troops resist, and Japanese soldiers
open fire near Seoul Station. Dosan rescues and treats the wounded Korean soldiers and gets them to Severance Hospital.
October He discusses plans for activities in the Far East, with Yi Gang.
November He has a meeting with Governor General Ito Hirobumi. He declines Ito’s proposal to form a cabinet to rule Korea together.
January He establishes Northwest Students Society the first youth movement organization in Korea.
March He tours Korea and makes plans with his colleagues for ShinMinHoe.
March 23 Jang In-Hwan and Jeon Myung-Woon assassinate Durham Stevens, foreign affairs
advisor to the Japanese Governor General, in San Francisco. Stevens was campaigning
in the United States for Japanese control of Korea.
September 26 He opens the Dae Sung School in Pyongyang. He installs Yoon Chi-ho as its
principal, and takes a supporting role for himself.
September He forms Masan Ceramics Company along with Lee Deok-Hwan and Kim Nam-Ho,
funders for this venture in Pyongyang. He establishes Tae Geuk publishing company
and book stores in Pyongyang, Seoul, and Daegu, with Ahn Tae-Guk in charge of the
October 2 He initiates Asia Industries, Inc. to support the independence movement in the Far
East region. The company name later was changed to Tae Dong Industries, Inc.
January 14 He makes a speech entitled, “Future and Hope,” at the Seoul YMCA.
February 3 He instructs Dae Sung students to refuse to wave Japanese flags when Korean King Soonjong, tours the area.
August He initiates the youth movement by establishing the Young Students Society sponsored by the ShinMinHoe.
October 26 Ahn Joong-Geun assassinates Governor General Ito Hirobumi at a railway station in Harbin, China.
October 31 Dosan is arrested for conspiring to assassinate Ito Hirobumi with Ahn Joong-Geun. He is incarcerated in Young Deung Po prison.
December 31 Dosan is released from prison after two months.
March He conducts an emergency meeting with officers of the ShinMinHoe, which adopts
‘Independence War’ as the priority strategy to save the nation from Japan and decides
to develop military bases outside Korea for the independence fighters, as well as
to establish military schools.
July He arrives in Tsing Tao, China and discusses future independence movement plans with Yi Gap, Yoo Dong-yol, and Kim Hee-sun. He composes “Kanda, Kanda, Kanda” a song about leaving Korea.
August 24 He arrives in Vladivostok and begins independence work with Koreans in Russia.
August 29 Day of shame. Japan officially annexes Korea. Koreans have no country of their own. The Korean Young Students Association is terminated by the Japanese.
December 18 He forms a committee to initiate a youth group in Siberia
January 2 He discusses with Koreans in Russia about the establishment of a school. He teaches history at a night school and makes a speech about patriotism.
February 7 He tours Mishansien in northern Manchuria for possible sites for a military school and returns to Vladivostok.
March 6 He holds a meeting with representatives of youth groups in Vladivostok.
August 24 He arrives in London via train having traveled from northern Manchuria to St. Petersburg and Berlin.
September 2 He arrives in New York and is processed through Ellis Island.
September 26 He arrives in Sacramento and visits a farm run by Koreans.
September 28 He arrives in San Francisco and gives a speech at a welcoming event.
November He tours Korean communities in California.
January 29 With Song Chong Ik and Lim Jung Ki, he establishes North American Industrial Company, Inc. with capital of $45,000.
July 5 His second son, Philson, is born in Riverside.
November 8 through 29 He organizes the Central Congress for the Korean National Association and becomes its first chairman.
May 12 He makes a speech in San Francisco about the responsibility of the Korean community with respect to the closing of Shin Han Minbo due to lack of funds.
May 13 In San Francisco, he forms the Hungsadan an organization of the young elites as a core to revive the spirit of the nationalist movement. Founding members are from all eight provinces of Korea.
July 2 In response to the Hemet Incident where Koreans were attacked by local residents, who
mistook them for Japanese, the KNA (Korean National Association) receives assurances
from the U.S. Department of the State and William Jennings Bryan that no affairs
concerning Koreans will be handled through the Japanese consulate. He re-establishes
the Claremont Students Center and speaks about the future of Koreans.
Dosan’s family moves from Riverside to Los Angeles.
April 6 The Korean National Association, North American Branch, receives corporate status
from the California state government.
July 28 World War I begins.
July to August He visits all Korean communities in California.
August 9 He gives a speech entitled “The Happiness of Mankind” at a Korean church in San
August 12 He gives a speech entitled “Our Time for Preparation” at a Korean church in San
January 16 Susan Ahn, Dosan’s first daughter, is born in Los Angeles at 1411 W. Fourth St.
February He is re-elected as the chairman of the Central Congress of the Korean National
June 23 He gives the inaugural speech as the chairman of the Central Congress of the KNA.
August 31 He arrives in Hawaii to resolve an argument about the leadership of the
independence movement in Hawaii between Syngman Rhee and Park Yong-Man of
September 13 He gives a speech in Hawaii at the Fort Street Theater about patriotism and
October- November He visits all the islands and all the Korean communities in Hawaii to revive
their motivation to support the independence movement and the KNA.
December He departs Hawaii for San Francisco.
February He gives a speech at the Los Angeles branch of the KNA regarding “Next Step in the
Evolution of Our People.”
April 27 He gives speech in support of establishing Korean language school for children at
Claremont Student Center.
January 10 North America Industries, Inc. is established at the Hungsadan headquarters.
May 27 Dosan’s second daughter Soorah is born in Los Angeles at 106 N. Figueroa.
August 25 He opens a Korean language school for children at the Claremont Student Center.
October17 He visits Mexico and gives a speech about the tasks that lie ahead for Koreans in Mexico. He consolidates the Korean communities in Mexico and initiates a new contract between ranchers and Korean laborers. He visits Cuba and organizes KNA branch there.
April 23 He relays the conditions of Koreans in Mexico to the Shin Han Minbo (The New Korea)
May 29 He departs Mexico for Los Angeles.
August 29 He Arrives in Los Angeles
October 9 He gives a speech entitled, “Our Unfortunate Koreans Have No Pleasure” at the Los
Angeles branch of the KNA.
October He presents a paper entitled “The End of WWI and Our Tasks Ahead.”
November 1 He issues a letter to all Koreans in North America, Hawaii, and Mexico calling for
November 11 World War I ends.
November 25 He organizes a meeting of North American KNA branches to decide about sending Korean representatives to the Paris Peace Conference and the Small Nations Alliance Conference.
December 23 He calls a meeting of all the KNA branches and discusses the Korean situation.
March 1 In Korea, the March 1 Movement begins.
March 9 He convenes an emergency meeting of the KNA and decides to support a Declaration
March 13 He is elected as the representative of the KNA at a general meeting. He makes a
speech entitled, “Let’s Support the 3.1 Movement,” urging Koreans in America to
provide economic support.
March 17 The KNA decides to dispatch special committee members to all of its branches in
North America, Hawaii, and Mexico.
March 29 He sends a telegram to all of the participating countries at the Paris Peace
Conference, expressing the absolute necessity for independence for Korea, and
requests permission for Kim Kyu-shik’s attendance at the conference.
April 1 He departs San Francisco with $6,000 raised for the purpose of establishing the Korean
Provisional Government (KPG) in Shanghai.
May 25 He arrives in Shanghai via Honolulu and Hong Kong.
June 4 He gives a speech concerning ways to advance the independence movement at a church
June 28 He is selected as the Minister of the Interior as well as acting Prime Minister for
KPG in Shanghai.
July 8 He issues Republic of Korea Treasury bonds in the name of the Minister of the Interior.
He establishes a poll tax system. He reports to the KPG assembly regarding the direction
of the foreign affairs department and its intent to focus on diplomatic activities in
Washington D.C. and Paris.
July 10 The KPG issues its first directive, announcing its secret communication system. It
decides to consolidate the KPG and the Korean National Association of America.
July 13 He establishes, in the name of the Minister of the Interior, the Korean Red Cross.
July 17 He is appointed chairman of the KPG historical archive committee.
August 21 He begins publication of “Independence (Tong Nip),” the official newspaper of the KPG, later renamed as “Independence Newspaper (Tong Nip Shin Mun)” beginning September 25.
September 2 A public relations committee is established under the Ministry of the Interior.
September 6 The assembly enacts a new constitution regarding the governing structure of KPG.
September 28 He presents a revised constitution and a revised plan for the KPG to the cabinet.
December 7 He gives a speech entitled, “Let’s Not Deviate [from our mission] “in Shanghai.
January 3 He proposes “Six main tasks we must achieve,” including military, education,
diplomacy, judiciary, treasury, and unification, and details for each item.
January 19 He is elected as the chair of the Propaganda Bureau.
February 8 He participates in a military research committee and organizes the military research
February 14 He resigns his posts, faced by criticisms of “practicing provincialism and for his
political ambition.” The Far East Committee of the Hungsadan a conducts
membership installation ceremony for the first time in Shanghai.
March 1 He makes a speech as the Minister of Labor at the 3.1 memorial service. He calls for
an end to the internal strife and for Koreans to focus their energy on their fight against
March 10 He is appointed as the Minister of Propaganda and takes on the duties of the
March 20 The KPG institutes an army draft system and begins a draft registration drive.
April 24 He discusses future plans for resolving factionalism with Yi Dong-whi, Lee Dong-nyung, and Lee Shi-young.
May 7 The KPG establishes the post of general commander for the Korea Liberation Army.
May 17 He establishes a temporary housing system by dispatching representatives to North
Gando, Noryung, and South Gando [in Manchuria].
August 15 He meets with a team of American congressmen in Beijing. He requests American support for Korean Provisional Government’s struggle against Japanese Annexation and occupation of Korea. He meets Stephen G. Porter, the Chairman of the House Foreign Relations Committee.
September 3 He gives a speech in Mo A Dang in Shanghai about the Pacific Conference.
Dosan criticizes the path adopted by the proponents of a “diplomatic solution.”
[The Pacific Conference was proposed by Warren G. Harding to be held in
Washington, D.C. to discuss the reduction of arms in the Pacific region, with
Britain, France, Italy, and Japan. Many in the KPG thought—following lackluster
interest in Korea at the Paris Peace Conference—that the Pacific Conference in
Washington, D.C. was a good forum for the world powers to take up the Korean
question, considering the cooling relationship between Japan and the U.S. at the
time. Syngman Rhee, a proponent of gaining independence through diplomacy,
needed a cause he could work on in order to maintain his position at the KPG,
and became interested in the Pacific Conference, assigning himself as the head of
the delegation to the Pacific Conference. ]
September Dosan establishes the Far East branch of the Hungsadan, which takes in China,
Russia, Korea, and Japan.
November 27 He gives a speech about forming the Great Independence Party.
December 21 He is the opening speaker at a speech rally to help Koreans in North Gando.
December 29 He holds the 7th annual Hungsadan convention held in the Far East for the first time. Previously it was held inSan Francisco and Los Angeles by local branches.
February 27 Yi Dong-nyung, Lee Shi-young, Shin Ik-hee refuse to accept the post of KPG Prime
May 11 He resigns his post as Minister of Labor.
May 12 He and Yeo Woon-hyung are the opening speakers at a speech rally at Sang Hyun Dang
in Shanghai, requesting formation of Kuk Min Dae Pyo Hoi Ui (the Assembly of
Representatives) and organize an action committee to pursue the Assembly of
May 29 Ad hoc committee for the Assembly of Representatives is formed.
July 7 He sends “Letter for My Comrades” to Hungsadan members in North America, Hawaii,
July 7 In Hawaii, supporters of Syngman Rhee form the “Dong Ji Hoi.”
September 1 He gives a speech at the meeting called by supporters of the Pacific Conference.
September 14 He applies for an American visa, but the application is denied.
November He serves as the principal of In Sung School in Shanghai for nine months.
January 23 He is appointed as the president of Tong Ui Gun (Army), an independence army in
February 12 Su Yang Dong Mang Hoi (the Character Cultivation Alliance) is formed at Yi Kwang-su’s home in Seoul.
June 6 He is elected as the acting chairman of the first convention of the action committee for
the Assembly of Representatives.
June 16 KPG decides on a “vote of no confidence” against Syngman Rhee.
July He organizes the Si Sa Chaik Jin Hoi, designed to resolve the differences in ideas concerning
the independence movement, attended by 30 individuals including Ahn Chang-Ho, Lee
Dong-nyung, Yeo Woon-young, Kim Ku, Cha I-seok. Dosan is elected as its chairman.
August 14 The Action Committee meeting for theAssembly of Representatives opens.
November He participates in a study effort to compare and analyze ideas for revolution.
January 3 The Assembly of Representatives is formed, and holds its first session.
January 18 He is elected as Vice Chair of the Assembly of Representatives.
May 15 The Assembly of Representatives is dissolved after 63 sessions.
December He starts touring Manchuria to check on potential sites for the “Ideal Village,” a developmental model community for the independence movement.
January He continues his tours in Manchuria to check on potential sites for the “Ideal Village,”
February He presents a paper in Shanghai concerning unification and initiates the
unification movement of nationalists, communists and anarchists.
March 3 He opens Dong Myung School in Nanjing, supported by the Hungsadan in America.
April 8 He meets Yi Kwang-su in Beijing and agrees to adopt the Character Cultivation Alliance
as a part of the Hungsadan, Far East branch, and discusses publishing a magazine.
October 30 The 4th Hungsadan Far East convention is held in Nanjing.
November 22 He departs for Hawaii.
December 16 He arrives in San Francisco.
Before Dosan arrives in America, Rhee’s Dong Ji Hoi reports to the U.S. Department of Labor Dosan is a Bolshevik and the Korean National Association and Hung Sa Dan are threats to the United States.
January 20 He writes a letter to Lee Yu-pil and Cho Sang-sup, recommending Park Eun-shik and
Lee Sang-ryong as transitional heads of the KPG.
January 23 He writes a series of articles, “Letter to My Fellow Countrymen” in Dong A Ilbo in
Korea. His writing is stopped by the Japanese Governor General.
March 23 The KPG Congress impeaches Syngman Rhee and elects Park Eun-shik as president.
April—July He tours Korean communities in the eastern United States.
May 22 He visits Philip Jaisohn (aka Suh Jae-pil) in Philadelphia.
June 17 He gives a speech entitled “Our Ideological Spirit and Its Fulfillment” to the Korean
Students Association convention in Chicago.
June—July He tours the Salt Lake City area with Jang Ri-wook for information on how the Mormon Church manages its community. The information was gathered for use in the establishment of a base for independence work.
August—November He tours Korean rice farms in Northern California.
February 26 He departs San Pedro for Shanghai. This is the last time Dosan’s children will ever see him. The S.S. Sonoma breaks down and has to go to San Francisco for repairs. Helen Ahn takes train from Los Angeles to see him again before the boat leaves.
March 8 After arriving in Hawaii, he gives a speech at a church in Hawaii commemorating the 7th anniversary of March 1st Movement.
March 13 He writes Helen Ahn a letter informing her he was being deported and had to leave Hawaii under the orders of the U,S, Immigration officials and would make an unplanned trip to Fiji and American Samoa on the way to Australia. Syngman Rhee and the Dong Ji Hoi were behind the deportation.
March 23 He arrives in Sydney, Australia and gathers information on developing raw land.
April 14 He departs Sydney for China.
May 8 The KPG appoints Dosan as head of its State Department while he is absent.
May 16 He arrives in Shanghai and declines the appointment.
May 20 He publishes Dong Gwang magazine. He contributes articles written under a penname,
San Ong. (He wrote “Unity and Division,” May, 1926; “Are You an Owner?” June, 1926;
“Heartless Society and Compassionate Society,” June, 1926; Leader—
Requisite for Unity,” August, 1926; “From Artificiality to Conscientiousness,”
September, 1926; “Korean Students Today,” December, 1926, among others.)
June 10 The Mansei (Long Live) Korea movement takes place, as a follow-up to the 3.1
Movement. On this day of the funeral for the last king of Joson, Soon Jong, about
24,000 people gather around the Jongno area in Seoul and shout Mansei as his
procession passes by. This is referred to as the 6.10 Mansei Movement.
July 8 Dosan gives the opening speech for a rally at Samil Dang in Shanghai on the subject of
“The Existence of the Korean Provisional Government and the Great Revolutionary Party.”
July 19 A financial support group for KPG holds a general meeting at Samil Dang.
September 11 He lectures on the necessity of forming Yu (exclusive) Il (one) TongNip
September 26 His third son Pil-young is born in Los Angeles.
October 16 He establishes a support group in Beijing for forming the Great Independence Party.
December 14 Kim Ku is installed as head of the KPG cabinet.
December He leaves for Manchuria to continue to seek potential sites for his “Ideal Village” program.
January 27 He lectures on “Joson Independence Movement, Past and Present” in Jilin. He is
arrested by the Japanese during the lecture, but released in 20 days.
February He lectures all over Manchuria and urges “great unity.”
March 21 He forms a support group for the One Korea Independence Party in Shanghai.
April 1 A farmers organization (Nong Min Ho Jo Sa) to support the welfare of Manchurian
farmers is established.
May 8 He establishes a support group for the One Korea Independence Party in Gwangdong.
July He establishes a support group for theOne Korea Independence Party in Muhan.
August 1Dong Gwang magazine suspends publication after 16 issues.
September 27 A support group for the One Korea Independence Party is formed in Nanjing.
November Support groups for the One Korea Independence Party form a federation in Shanghai.
May 20 He strongly calls for the cooperation of China and Korea in his editorial in a Chinese
newspaper called Se Gye and a Korean newspaper the Joong Ang Ilbo.
May He establish a support group in Jilin, Manchuria for One Korea Independence Party. December 20 He speaks to the Yon Hee School soccer team: “an individual gives himself to the
nation, thereby completing his duties to himself and his duties to mankind.”
He proposes the idea of Dae (Great) Gong (Public) Ju Ui (ism).
February 8 He writes to Hungsadan members in America, clarifying that the Hungsadan is not
an organization for character cultivation, but an organization for training for
February He visits the Philippine Islands and establishes a Korean Nation Association branch.
March 30 He returns to China.
October 26 The support group for One Korea Independence Party of Shanghai is dissolved.
November He combines all the entities that agree with the principles of One Korea Independence Party and initiates the forming of the Korean Independence Party.
January The Hungsadan Far East holds its 6th annual convention.
January 25 The Korean Independence Party is formed by 25 nationalists who support Dae Gong
Ju Ui (Great Republic)
February The KPG opposes forming the Korean Independence Party. The Party is dissolved.
April 5 He invites representatives from all the entities involved in independence work to a
meeting in Chun Jin in June.
June 15 The Korean Great Independence Party issues Joson ji Hyeol (Blood of Joson) magazine.
December Plans for Dong In Ho Jo Sa, a financial partnership with Hungsadan members, are
January The Hungsadan Far East holds its 7th annual convention.
January 1Dong Gwang magazine resumes publication.
February He contributes an article to Dong Gwang Magazine entitled, “My Pleading with Youth: About Character Building, Training as a Unit.”
March 25 Dong In Ho Jo Sa (Mutual Cooperative Organization) is renamed Gong Pyong Sa (Fair Practice Organization) and holds a general meeting at the Hungsadan headquarters.
May 11 He attends the Kung Min party convention and begins to lobby for Korean
representation in Manchuria.
July 18 The Coalition of Korean entities is formed to negotiate with Chinese authorities more
October 27 Dosan invites Chinese representatives to discuss forming a Korea-China coalition to
fight against Imperial Japan.
November He meets with Chinese Kung Min Party member Wang Jung Wi and discusses
organizing the ‘United Front Alliance against Japan’ together.
January 8 Lee Bong-chang attempts to kill the Japanese Emperor Hirohito in Tokyo with a bomb, but he fails and arrested.
January 18 The Hungsadan Far East holds its 8th annual convention in Shanghai.
April 29 Yoon Bong-gil assassinates a Japanese general in a bombing in Shanghai at Hongkew
Park. Dosan is arrested by French police and turned over to the Japanese authorities.
May 30 Dosan is transferred to a Japanese prison in Incheon, Korea.
June 2 A group is formed in Shanghai to free Dosan.
June 7 He is transferred to Seoul.
July25 He is found guilty of violating the ‘Peace Preservation Law’ and incarcerated in Seo Dae
Mun prison in Seoul.
December 19 The Japanese court sentences him to a 4-year prison term.
He gives up his appeal, and is transferred to Dae Jon prison.
He continues to serve his prison term in Dae Jon prison.
February 10 He is released from Dae Jon prison and stays with Park Heung-shik in Seoul.
February 11 He arrives in Pyongyang and stays with Kim Dong-won.
February 14 He gives a sermon at Ki Yang Church in his hometown.
February 16 He leaves for Seoul.
February He tours all over Korea and afterwards he builds a retreat called Song Tae San Jang in
Dae Bo Mountain in Pyong Nam province and takes up residence in the mountains
outside of Pyonyang.
September 5 He is invited by the Andong Youth Organization to give a lecture to an audience of
about 2,000. He speaks to them about manpower development and Dae Gong-
ism - The Great Republic concept.
November 13 A welcoming ceremony is planned for Dosan in Pyongyang, but halted by
February 20 He leaves for Seoul to tour the southern provinces.
February 30 He arrives at Seoul.
August He sends a telegram to Sohn Ki-jung to congratulate him for winning the gold medal
for the Marathon at the Berlin Olympics.
June 28 He is accused of holding secret meetings and is arrested along with Dong Woo Hoe
(Friendship Society) members. 150 people are arrested. The Japanese declare Dong Woo Hoe is same type of anti-Japanese organization as Hung Sa Dan and accuse members of violating the Preservation of Peace Laws.
August 10 He is incarcerated at Jongno police station.
November 1 He is transferred to Seo Dae Mun prison.
December 24 He is transferred to what is now Seoul National University hospital due to his
illnesses. He suffered from tuberculosis, a common ailment in Korea at the time,
compounded by Plevritis and peritonitis. He had been arrested more than five
times over the years of his independence work. His health had deteriorated more
and more with each arrest and the following imprisonment and torture.
January Dong Woo Hoi members, 42 of them, are found guilty of violating “Peace Preservation
March 10 He dies in the hospital.
March 12 He is buried in Mang Woo Ri public cemetery.
March 13 Leftist groups hold a memorial service for Dosan in Hangu, China.
March 13 The Korean National Association of Hawaii holds a memorial service for Dosan.
March 22 A memorial service is held in Los Angeles.
April 10 Amemorial service is held in Chung Jing, China.
March 10 The Dosan Ahn Chang-Ho Memorial Foundation is established in Korea.
The Hungsadan headquarters is moved from Los Angeles to Seoul.
March 1 He is honored by the South Korean government with the Presidential Medal for his
contribution to nation building - the highest medal awarded by Korea.
Lee Hye Ryon (Helen Ahn) makes her very first visit to Korea since leaving for America with Dosan in 1902.
April 21 Lee Hye-ryon dies in Los Angeles.
April 6 Construction of Dosan Park begins at Shin Sa-dong in Gang Nam-ku, Seoul.
August 22 The Dosan Ahn Chang-Ho Memorial Foundation is resurrected.
November 10 Dosan’s body is moved from Mang Woo Ri. Helen Ahn’s body is brought from Los
Angeles. The remains of Dosan and Lee Hye-ryon are interred together during the
Opening Day dedication ceremony at Dosan Park.
December 23 Construction of Dosan Ahn Chang-Ho Memorial Hall begins.
1998 November 9 Dosan Ahn Chang-Ho Memorial Hall opens.
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