The statements above and below from the UC Riverside Director of The Young Oak Korean Studies Center make numerous claims based on his grossly misinterpretation of history and self-serving revised facts. While Chang condemns Korea's historians Chang's claims conflict with Korean history records and facts in Korea and in America. Far too many of Chang's claims are incorrect. Professor Edward T. Chang is not qualified to make claims that his knowledge is superior to historians and professors in Korea...or anywhere.
Chang says - Korean Historians Don't Know the Roots
of the Shanghai Korean Provisional Government!
Irresponsible Journalism and Media Coverage
People posing as "professional" journalists from major media companies have been easily duped by bad information. they did not fact check! It is not proper to publish freewheeling claims with no substantial proof.
The "professional journalists" who wrote these articles below published trash not the truth. They were lazy and irresponsible and did not check any facts. The journalists support the claim this is a hidden history. It is not. Riverside and Pachappa's significance have been exaggerated. Dosan Ahn Chang Ho's history has been misrepresented to embellish the Pachappa Camp hoax.
- There were never 1000 Korean people in Pachappa.
- Wrong - 300 Korean residents in Riverside during the Independence Movement
- Dosan Ahn Chang Ho did not find Pachappa. Im Jung Ki and Yi Kang did.
- The Korean Labor Bureau was started in San Francisco n 1903.
- Redlands, Ca was as important if not more important than Riverside
- The Korean Provisional Government claims are tragically incorrect.
- Chang did not discover anything new related to Dosan.
- Chang did not discover anything new about Independence Movement history.
“People said it’s like destiny,” he said. “I’ve been teaching in Riverside for almost 30 years, and I didn’t know anything about it.” Only an ignoramus would be a Korean Professor who claims he did not know anything about Riverside.
How could this be true? Edward Chang himself called me on the phone begging me to come to the May 1, 1998 Sister City Ceremony with Gangnam City Mayor at Riverside City Hall. I attended. This nightmare of Bull Shit started then.
This is a hoax for gullible ripe for picking suckers not "professional" journalists. This is not the type of history to blindly dump in the racial prejudice grocery cart.
“Pachappa Camp was not only the first Koreatown in America but also the center of early Korean community and independence movement activities during the early 20th century,” Chang said. “This fills a void of modern Korean American and Korean history. Dosan Ahn Chang Ho is such a towering figure and yet we didn’t know about this. Pachappa Camp was the origins of the democratic origins in Korea.”
“People tend to ignore Riverside or make it a footnote; but people should remember that Riverside was one of the most important historical sites of early Korean American history and pay tribute to our labor,” Chang said.
Knowing history is crucial to dismantling white supremacist ideology, he said.
On August 11, 2001 local Korean Americans gathered to erect the Dosan Ahn Chang Ho memorial statue in downtown Riverside. Pachappa Camp became a historic Korea Town formally recognized by the city on March 23, 2017.
“Pachappa Camp: The First Koreatown in the United States” was a project five years in the making. Chang researched English and Korean journals, newspapers, and made headway when two visiting Korean graduate interns majoring in Korean literature translated articles written in old Korean, to modern Korean language.
“Many of these primary source materials are newly discovered and shed new light on not only the formation of Pachappa Camp, but more importantly uncover the buried past of early Korean American history,” Chang said.
PBS Stephanie Sy has no idea about Korean names: Chang knew that early Korean immigrants to the U.S. had worked in Riverside's once bountiful orange groves, including Korean independence Ahn Chang Ho, also known as Dosan. But he had no idea that Ho had founded a whole community of Korean immigrants here. He credits two graduate student interns for their translation of old Korean newspapers to confirm what historians had previously overlooked.
One reason historians may have previously overlooked the Pachappa Camp is that it was short-lived, lasting less than 15 years. A deep freeze hit the orange trees of Riverside in 1913, and most of the citrus workers fanned out to other California farming towns in search of work.
But the previously unknown significance of the Pachappa Camp may also have to do with the erasure of Asian Americans' contributions in U.S. history. It's why Chang calls this research the most important of his career.
Why was it gratifying?
Because it filled a void of — a vacuum of Korean American history, modern Korean history, Asian American history, uncovering the buried past of our legacy.
Chang says the exhibit has attracted the interest of Korean scholars, who are now reexamining their nation's early independence movement.
For the "PBS NewsHour," I'm Stephanie Sy in Riverside, California.
LA Times Frank Shyoung Easliy Fooled Oct. 9. 2021
Ahn founded an employment agency for Korean laborers that eventually became a highly complex and self-governed settlement. Dosan’s Republic had no running water or electricity, but the principles of governance honed there became the building blocks for modern South Korean democracy, according to a forthcoming paper from UC Riverside professor Edward Taehan Chang.
“Dosan Ahn Chang Ho had a vision of establishing a model community. He was experimenting with it at Pachappa Camp,” Chang said.
Chang encountered the previously undiscovered settlement on a 1908 insurance company map, a tiny dot labeled “Korean Settlement.” He found an archive of a Korean newspaper, Sinhan Minbo, which revealed aspects of life and suggested that Korean Americans at Pachappa Camp and elsewhere helped found South Korean democracy. The settlement is the subject of an exhibit at UC Riverside opening Oct. 16 called “Pachappa Camp: The First Koreatown in the United States.”
Pachappa Camp was later settled by Japanese and Mexican immigrants, and in the 1950s the land was redeveloped by an oil company. Today the land is primarily occupied by a Southern California Gas Co. facility. The nearby railroad tracts have gone quiet, replaced by the muffled roar of the 91 Freeway.
NY Times Jill Cowan 1000 Koreans? May 14, 2021
Drawn by the booming citrus industry that made the city one of California’s richest at the time, Ahn started an employment agency to help other Koreans find work nearby. Slowly, a settlement grew from a few dozen to a few hundred residents. At its height, almost 1,000 people were living in what was known as Pachappa Camp, named for the street where it was started.
But Pachappa Camp was unique, said Prof. Edward T. Chang, a professor of ethnic studies and the founding director of the Young Oak Kim Center for Korean American Studies at the University of California, Riverside.
For one thing, he told me recently, “it was a family settlement” — as opposed to the mostly bachelor societies formed by other immigrant laborers. Men and women lived together at Pachappa Camp.
The biggest thing that set Pachappa Camp apart, however, was the fact that it was a distinctly Korean community — the first in the United States, predating the founding of Los Angeles’s Koreatown by the businessman Hi Duk Lee by more than half a century.
And while Ahn’s life and legacy have been deeply studied, extensively documented and honored, his role in founding a Korean community in Riverside was virtually unknown until about five years ago, when Chang stumbled across a 1908 map issued by an insurance company. It had a caption labeling a Korean settlement in Riverside.
“I thought, ‘Korean settlement? In Riverside?’” he said.
But what Ahn was doing in the Inland Empire for more than five years before he moved his family to Los Angeles in 1913 was a puzzle. That puzzle turned into what Chang described as the most gratifying research of his career.
“People said it’s like destiny,” he said. “I’ve been teaching in Riverside for almost 30 years, and I didn’t know anything about it.”
As it turned out, Pachappa Camp was also a place where Ahn honed many of the democratic ideas that he brought back to Korea, which had been a monarchy and was occupied by Japan.
“I was able to trace the birth of whole democratic institutions to here in Riverside,” Chang said. “I was uncovering all of this and I was so shocked.”
Chang said that it was frustrating that it took a surge in anti-Asian hate to bring the issue to the fore. Still, he said, “Asian-American invisibility in the national dialogue on race is finally being cracked.”